Graphene oxide paper manipulation of micro-reactor drops

Zhixiong Song, Eric Shen Lin, Md Hemayet Uddin, Hassan Ali Abid, Jian Wern Ong, Tuck Wah Ng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Digital microfluidics, which relies on the movement of drops, is relatively immune to clogging problems, making it suited for micro-reactor applications. Here, graphene oxide paper of 100 μm thickness, fabricated by blade coating sedimented dispersions onto roughened substrates, followed by drying and mechanical exfoliation, was found to be relatively free of cracks and curling. It also exhibited high wettability and elasto-capillary characteristics. Possessing low enough stiffness, it could rapidly and totally self-wrap water drops of 20 μL volume placed 2 mm from its edge when oriented between 0 and 60° to the horizontal. This complete wrapping behavior allowed drops to be translated via movement of the paper over long distances without dislodgement notwithstanding accelerations and decelerations. An amount of 2 drops that were wrapped with separate papers, when collided with each other at speeds up to 0.64 m/s, were found to eschew coalescence. This portends the development of robust digital microfluidic approaches for micro-reactors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1306
Number of pages13
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jun 2023


  • digital microfluidics
  • droplets
  • graphene oxide
  • self-folding
  • self-wrapping

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