Graphene nanobubbles: a new optical nonlinear material

Qiaoliang Bao, Jianqiang Chen, Yuanjiang Xiang, Kai Zhang, Shaojuan Li, Xiaofang Jiang, Qing Hua Xu, Kian Ping Loh, T. Venkatesan

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42 Citations (Scopus)


All‐optical switching in graphene nanobubbles is demonstrated in this work. Thermally stressing graphene to form an array of nanobubbles allows a large optical phase shift to be obtained due to their vertical side walls and added curvature. Graphene nanobubbles offer a new and promising type of optical nonlinear medium to overcome the optical path length limitation of atomically thin two‐dimensional films, and enable exploration of such elements as the building blocks of digital all‐optical circuitry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)744-749
Number of pages6
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • All-optical switching
  • Graphene
  • Nanobubbles
  • Nonlinear optics
  • Optical bistability

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