Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and reproductive medicine: A review

Marcelo Borges Cavalcante, Fabrício Da Silva Costa, Ricardo Barini, Edward Araujo Júnior

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Recently, the use of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) has been proposed to improve pregnancy outcomes in reproductive medicine. Objective: A systematic review of the current use of G-CSF in patients who have difficulty conceiving and maintaining pregnancy was performed. Materials and Methods: Two electronic databases (PubMed/ Medline and Scopus) were searched. Study selection, data extraction and quality assessment were performed in duplicate. The subject codes used were granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, G-CSF, recurrent miscarriage, IVF failure, and endometrium. Results: The search of electronic databases resulted in 215 citations (PubMed/ Medline: 139 and Scopus: 76), of which 38 were present in both databases. Of the remaining 177 publications, seven studies were included in the present review. Conclusion: Treatment with G-CSF is a novel proposal for immune therapy in patients with recurrent miscarriage and implantation failure following cycles of IVF. However, a larger number of well-designed studies are required for this treatment to be established.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-202
Number of pages8
JournalIranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
  • Immunotherapy
  • Recurrent miscarriage
  • Reproductive medicine
  • Review

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