Governance gaps in eradicating forced labor: from global to domestic supply chains

Andrew Crane, Genevieve LeBaron, Jean Allain, Laya Behbahani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


A growing body of scholarship analyzes the emergence and resilience of forced labor in developing countries within global value chains (GVCs). However, little is known about how forced labor arises within domestic supply chains concentrated within national borders, producing products for domestic consumption. We conduct one of the first studies of forced labor in domestic supply chains, through a cross-industry comparison of the regulatory gaps surrounding forced labor in the United Kingdom. We find that understanding the dynamics of forced labor in domestic supply chains requires us to conceptually modify the GVC framework to understand similarities and differences across these contexts. We conclude that addressing the governance gaps that surround forced labor will require scholars and policymakers to carefully refine their thinking about how we might design operative governance that effectively engages with local variation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-106
Number of pages21
JournalRegulation & Governance
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019


  • global supply chain
  • Modern slavery
  • forced labor
  • global value chain
  • governance
  • domestic public policy

Cite this