Gonadal peptides: Inhibins, activins, follistatin, and Müllerian-inhibiting substance (Antimüllerian hormone)

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Abstract

Activins A and B both stimulate FSH secretion, and this and their other actions are modulated by follistatin, a protein that binds the activins virtually irreversibly and thus decreases FSH.- Activin A is a key regulator of the inflammatory response and stimulates fibrosis, and follistatin is thus an antiinflammatory and antifibrotic agent.- Elevated levels of activin A stimulate apoptosis of hepatocytes and B lymphocytes, actions that are all decreased by follistatin.- Follistatin also binds and decreases the actions of other TGF-β proteins, myostatin (GDF8), GDF9, and BMPs 2, 5, 7, and 8.- Mullerian inhibiting substance may be of value as a marker of ovarian follicle reserve and is claimed to assist in predicting the ovarian response to gonadotropin stimulation, a concept requiring further confirmation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEndocrinology
Subtitle of host publicationAdult & Pediatric
EditorsJ Larry Jameson, Leslie J De Groot, David M de Kretser, Linda C Giudice, Ashley B Grossman, Shlomo Melmed, John T Potts Jr, Gordon C Weir
Place of PublicationPhiladelphia PA USA
PublisherElsevier
Pages2037 - 2050
Number of pages14
Volume1 and 2
Edition7th
ISBN (Print)9780323189071
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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