Gold nanoparticle loaded hybrid nanofibers for cardiogenic differentiation of stem cells for infarcted myocardium regeneration

Rajeswari Ravichandran, Radhakrishnan Sridhar, Jayarama Reddy Venugopal, Subramanian Sundarrajan, Shayanti Mukherjee, Seeram Ramakrishna

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48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heart disease is the leading cause of mortality in many industrialized nations and is often related to irregularities in electrical function that can radically damage cardiac functioning. The aim of this study is to develop a novel therapeutic hybrid scaffold that can couple electrical, mechanical, and biological properties, desirable for cardiac tissue regeneration. BSA/PVA scaffolds are fabricated in the ratio 2:1 and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) embedded scaffolds in the ratios BSA/PVA/Au of 2:1:0.1 (lower concentration) and BSA/PVA/Au of 2:1:0.4 (higher concentration) by electrospinning. The scaffolds are characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), contact angle, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and tensile testing to analyze the fiber morphology, AuNP distribution, hydrophilicity, surface functional groups, and mechanical properties of the scaffolds, respectively. Results show that ex vivo pretreatment of MSCs using 5-aza and AuNPs loaded conductive nanofibrous construct could lead to enhanced cardiomyogenic differentiation and result in superior biological and functional effects on infarcted myocardium regeneration. A novel therapeutic Au nanoparticles loaded PVA/BSA nanofibers is discussed in the present study for infarcted myocardium regeneration. These scaffolds can be used to improve the functional activity of differentiated MSCs by increasing the gap junction protein, connexin 43 (Cx43). This approach opens the frontiers for creating functional cardiac patch with desirable properties for enhanced cardiac regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-525
Number of pages11
JournalMacromolecular Bioscience
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biomaterials
  • heart failure
  • in vitro studies
  • myocardial infarction
  • tissue engineering

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