Going direct to the consumer: Examining treatment preferences for veterans with insomnia, PTSD, and depression

Cassidy A. Gutner, Eric R. Pedersen, Sean P.A. Drummond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Inclusion of consumer preferences to disseminate evidence-based psychosocial treatment (EBPT) is crucial to effectively bridge the science-to-practice quality chasm. We examined this treatment gap for insomnia, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and comorbid symptoms in a sample of 622 young adult veterans through preference in symptom focus, treatment modality, and related gender differences among those screening positive for each problem. Data were collected from veteran drinkers recruited through targeted Facebook advertisements as part of a brief online alcohol intervention. Analyses demonstrated that veterans reported greater willingness to seek insomnia-focused treatment over PTSD- or depression-focused care. Notably, even when participants screened negative for insomnia, they preferred sleep-focused care to PTSD- or depression-focused care. Although one in five veterans with a positive screen would not consider care, veterans screening for both insomnia and PTSD who would consider care had a preference for in-person counseling, and those screening for both insomnia and depression had similar preferences for in-person and mobile app-based/computer self-help treatment. Marginal gender differences were found. Incorporating direct-to-consumer methods into research can help educate stakeholders about methods to expand EBPT access. Though traditional in-person counseling was often preferred, openness to app-based/computer interventions offers alternative methods to provide veterans with EBPTs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-114
Number of pages7
JournalPsychiatry Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018


  • Comorbidity
  • Depression
  • Insomnia
  • Psychosocial treatment
  • PTSD
  • Treatment preference
  • Veteran

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