GOCART: GOlden-angle CArtesian randomized time-resolved 3D MRI

Yinghua Zhu, Yi Guo, Sajan Goud Lingala, R. Marc Lebel, Meng Law, Krishna S. Nayak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To develop and evaluate a novel 3D Cartesian sampling scheme which is well suited for time-resolved 3D MRI using parallel imaging and compressed sensing. Methods: The proposed sampling scheme, termed GOlden-angle CArtesian Randomized Time-resolved (GOCART) 3D MRI, is based on golden angle (GA) Cartesian sampling, with random sampling of the ky-kz phase encode locations along each Cartesian radial spoke. This method was evaluated in conjunction with constrained reconstruction of retrospectively and prospectively undersampled in-vivo dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) MRI data and simulated phantom data. Results: In in-vivo retrospective studies and phantom simulations, images reconstructed from phase encodes defined by GOCART were equal to or superior to those with Poisson disc or GA sampling schemes. Typical GOCART sampling tables were generated in <. 100 ms. GOCART has also been successfully utilized prospectively to produce clinically valuable whole-brain DCE-MRI images. Conclusion: GOCART is a practical and efficient sampling scheme for time-resolved 3D MRI. It shows great potential for highly accelerated DCE-MRI and is well suited to modern reconstruction methods such as parallel imaging and compressed sensing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)940-950
Number of pages11
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • DCE
  • Dynamic golden angleRandomized samplingConstrained reconstruction
  • Time resolved 3D MRI

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