Glycinergic dysfunction in a subpopulation of dorsal horn interneurons in a rat model of neuropathic pain

Wendy L. Imlach, Rebecca F. Bhola, Sarasa A. Mohammadi, Macdonald J Christie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of neuropathic pain involves persistent changes in signalling within pain pathways. Reduced inhibitory signalling in the spinal cord following nerve-injury has been used to explain sensory signs of neuropathic pain but specific circuits that lose inhibitory input have not been identified. This study shows a specific population of spinal cord interneurons, radial neurons, lose glycinergic inhibitory input in a rat partial sciatic nerve ligation (PNL) model of neuropathic pain. Radial neurons are excitatory neurons located in lamina II of the dorsal horn, and are readily identified by their morphology. The amplitude of electrically-evoked glycinergic inhibitory post-synaptic currents (eIPSCs) was greatly reduced in radial neurons following nerve-injury associated with increased paired-pulse ratio. There was also a reduction in frequency of spontaneous IPSCs (sIPSCs) and miniature IPSCs (mIPSC) in radial neurons without significantly affecting mIPSC amplitude. A subtype selective receptor antagonist and western blots established reversion to expression of the immature glycine receptor subunit GlyRα2 in radial neurons after PNL, consistent with slowed decay times of IPSCs. This study has important implications as it identifies a glycinergic synaptic connection in a specific population of dorsal horn neurons where loss of inhibitory signalling may contribute to signs of neuropathic pain.

Original languageEnglish
Article number37104
Number of pages14
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • chronic pain
  • inhibition
  • neural circuits
  • neurotransmitters

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