Glycaemic control for people with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia - an urgent need for a review of management plan

Mohammed J. Alramadan, Dianna J. Magliano, Turky H. Almigbal, Mohammed Ali Batais, Afsana Afroz, Hesham J. Alramadhan, Waad Faozi Mahfoud, Adel Mehmas Alragas, Baki Billah

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess inadequate glycaemic control and its associated factors among people with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used. Adults with type 2 diabetes attending diabetes centres in Riyadh, Hofuf and Jeddah cities were interviewed and their anthropometrics were measured. Their medical records were also reviewed to collect information related to recent lab tests, medications, and documented comorbidities. Multivariable logistic regression were used for data analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1111 participants were recruited in the study. Mean age was 57.6 (±11.1) years, 65.2% of the participants were females, and mean HbA1c was 8.5 ± 1.9%. About three-fourths of participants had inadequate glycaemic control (≥ 7%). Multivariable analysis showed that age ≤ 60 years, longer duration of diabetes, living in a remote location, low household income, low intake of fruits and vegetable, low level of physical activity, lack of knowledge about haemoglobin A1c, high waist-hip ratio, low adherence to medication, and using injectable medications were independent risk factors for inadequate glycaemic control. CONCLUSIONS: Inadequate glycaemic control is prevalent among people with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia. In order to improve glycaemic control diabetes management plan should aim at controlling the modifiable risk factors which include low intake of fruits and vegetable, low level of physical activity, lack of knowledge about haemoglobin A1c, high waist-hip ratio, and low adherence to medications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number62
Number of pages12
JournalBMC Endocrine Disorders
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Glycaemic control
  • Saudi Arabia

Cite this

Alramadan, Mohammed J. ; Magliano, Dianna J. ; Almigbal, Turky H. ; Batais, Mohammed Ali ; Afroz, Afsana ; Alramadhan, Hesham J. ; Mahfoud, Waad Faozi ; Alragas, Adel Mehmas ; Billah, Baki. / Glycaemic control for people with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia - an urgent need for a review of management plan. In: BMC Endocrine Disorders. 2018 ; Vol. 18.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess inadequate glycaemic control and its associated factors among people with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used. Adults with type 2 diabetes attending diabetes centres in Riyadh, Hofuf and Jeddah cities were interviewed and their anthropometrics were measured. Their medical records were also reviewed to collect information related to recent lab tests, medications, and documented comorbidities. Multivariable logistic regression were used for data analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1111 participants were recruited in the study. Mean age was 57.6 (±11.1) years, 65.2{\%} of the participants were females, and mean HbA1c was 8.5 ± 1.9{\%}. About three-fourths of participants had inadequate glycaemic control (≥ 7{\%}). Multivariable analysis showed that age ≤ 60 years, longer duration of diabetes, living in a remote location, low household income, low intake of fruits and vegetable, low level of physical activity, lack of knowledge about haemoglobin A1c, high waist-hip ratio, low adherence to medication, and using injectable medications were independent risk factors for inadequate glycaemic control. CONCLUSIONS: Inadequate glycaemic control is prevalent among people with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia. In order to improve glycaemic control diabetes management plan should aim at controlling the modifiable risk factors which include low intake of fruits and vegetable, low level of physical activity, lack of knowledge about haemoglobin A1c, high waist-hip ratio, and low adherence to medications.",
keywords = "Diabetes, Glycaemic control, Saudi Arabia",
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Glycaemic control for people with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia - an urgent need for a review of management plan. / Alramadan, Mohammed J.; Magliano, Dianna J.; Almigbal, Turky H.; Batais, Mohammed Ali; Afroz, Afsana; Alramadhan, Hesham J.; Mahfoud, Waad Faozi; Alragas, Adel Mehmas; Billah, Baki.

In: BMC Endocrine Disorders, Vol. 18, 62, 10.09.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Glycaemic control for people with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia - an urgent need for a review of management plan

AU - Alramadan, Mohammed J.

AU - Magliano, Dianna J.

AU - Almigbal, Turky H.

AU - Batais, Mohammed Ali

AU - Afroz, Afsana

AU - Alramadhan, Hesham J.

AU - Mahfoud, Waad Faozi

AU - Alragas, Adel Mehmas

AU - Billah, Baki

PY - 2018/9/10

Y1 - 2018/9/10

N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess inadequate glycaemic control and its associated factors among people with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used. Adults with type 2 diabetes attending diabetes centres in Riyadh, Hofuf and Jeddah cities were interviewed and their anthropometrics were measured. Their medical records were also reviewed to collect information related to recent lab tests, medications, and documented comorbidities. Multivariable logistic regression were used for data analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1111 participants were recruited in the study. Mean age was 57.6 (±11.1) years, 65.2% of the participants were females, and mean HbA1c was 8.5 ± 1.9%. About three-fourths of participants had inadequate glycaemic control (≥ 7%). Multivariable analysis showed that age ≤ 60 years, longer duration of diabetes, living in a remote location, low household income, low intake of fruits and vegetable, low level of physical activity, lack of knowledge about haemoglobin A1c, high waist-hip ratio, low adherence to medication, and using injectable medications were independent risk factors for inadequate glycaemic control. CONCLUSIONS: Inadequate glycaemic control is prevalent among people with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia. In order to improve glycaemic control diabetes management plan should aim at controlling the modifiable risk factors which include low intake of fruits and vegetable, low level of physical activity, lack of knowledge about haemoglobin A1c, high waist-hip ratio, and low adherence to medications.

AB - BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess inadequate glycaemic control and its associated factors among people with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used. Adults with type 2 diabetes attending diabetes centres in Riyadh, Hofuf and Jeddah cities were interviewed and their anthropometrics were measured. Their medical records were also reviewed to collect information related to recent lab tests, medications, and documented comorbidities. Multivariable logistic regression were used for data analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1111 participants were recruited in the study. Mean age was 57.6 (±11.1) years, 65.2% of the participants were females, and mean HbA1c was 8.5 ± 1.9%. About three-fourths of participants had inadequate glycaemic control (≥ 7%). Multivariable analysis showed that age ≤ 60 years, longer duration of diabetes, living in a remote location, low household income, low intake of fruits and vegetable, low level of physical activity, lack of knowledge about haemoglobin A1c, high waist-hip ratio, low adherence to medication, and using injectable medications were independent risk factors for inadequate glycaemic control. CONCLUSIONS: Inadequate glycaemic control is prevalent among people with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia. In order to improve glycaemic control diabetes management plan should aim at controlling the modifiable risk factors which include low intake of fruits and vegetable, low level of physical activity, lack of knowledge about haemoglobin A1c, high waist-hip ratio, and low adherence to medications.

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KW - Glycaemic control

KW - Saudi Arabia

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U2 - 10.1186/s12902-018-0292-9

DO - 10.1186/s12902-018-0292-9

M3 - Review Article

VL - 18

JO - BMC Endocrine Disorders

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SN - 1472-6823

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