Glutathione peroxidase 1 pro198leu polymorphism in Brazilian Alzheimer's disease patients: Relations to the enzyme activity and to selenium status

Brbara Rita Cardoso, Thomas Prates Ong, Wilson Jacob-Filho, Omar Jaluul, Maria Isabel D.Vila Freitas, Cristiane Cominetti, Silvia Maria Franciscato Cozzolino

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Abstract

Background/Aims: Oxidative stress plays a central role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Pro198Leu cytosolic glutathione peroxidase (GPx1) polymorphism seems to be associated with a lower activity of this enzyme, but there are no studies with AD patients. Thus, the aim was to determine the frequency of the GPx1 Pro198Leu polymorphism in AD patients and to verify its relation to glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity and selenium (Se) status. Methods: The study was carried out in a group of AD elderly (n = 28) compared to a control group (n = 29). Blood Se concentrations were measured through hydride generation atomic absorption spectroscopy. GPx activity was determined using a commercial kit, and the polymorphism using amplified DNA sequencing. Results: The distribution of genotypes was not different between groups. The variant allele frequency was 0.179 (AD group) and 0.207 (control group). Although no differences regarding GPx activity were found between individuals with different genotypes, lower blood Se levels were found in Pro/Pro AD patients compared to Pro/Pro control subjects, which was not found in the Pro/Leu groups. Moreover, the association between the erythrocyte Se concentration and GPx activity was affected by the Pro198Leu genotype. Conclusions: Results indicate that this polymorphism had apparently affected Se status in AD patients and that more studies in this field are necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-80
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Glutathione peroxidase
  • Oxidative stress
  • Polymorphism

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