Glucocorticoids stimulate hepatic and renal catecholamine inactivation by direct rapid induction of the dopamine sulfotransferase Sult1d1

Stephen Wong, Wan Kheng Tan, Kirstyn Tamara Carey, Atsushi Fukushima, Tony Tiganis, Timothy James Cole

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21 Citations (Scopus)


During the stress response and metabolic fasting, glucocorticoids acting via the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) stimulate hepatic glucose production by activating specific gluconeogenic enzyme target genes. To characterize novel direct GR-regulated hepatic target genes under glucocorticoid control, we performed a whole genome gene expression microarray using dexamethasone-treated GR-null mice. Strongly induced previously characterized genes included phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, serine dehydratase, tyrosine oxygenase, lipin 1, metallothionine, and cdkn1A. Novel induced genes included Ddit4, Fkbp5, Megf9, Sult1e1, and Sult1d1, and all were verified by real-time PCR. Sult1d1, a sulfotransferase, is a member of a large superfamily of detoxification enzymes and has an important role in the inactivation of endogenous dopamine-derived compounds, including the catecholamines. Treatment of primary mouse hepatocytes with dexamethasone for 6 h dramatically increased Sult1d1 mRNA levels, whereas cotreatment with RU-486, a GR antagonist, blocked induction by dexamethasone. Sult1d1 mRNA levels were also increased by dexamethasone in the kidney, a major site of Sult1d1 synthesis. Sult1d1 mRNA was localized by in situ hybridization to renal collecting ducts and was rapidly induced by glucocorticoids in renal inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD3) cells. Hepatic and renal Sult1d1 enzymatic activity was significantly induced in vivo in wild-type mice 6 h after dexamethasone treatment. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay analysis upstream of the Sult1d1 gene promoter identified a glucocorticoid response element close to the neighboring glucocorticoid-responsive estrogen sulfotransferase Sult1e1 gene, indicating that both genes potentially share a common glucocorticoid response element. These results suggest that Sult1d1 in mice is directly induced by glucocorticoids and may attenuate elevated catecholamine activity during the stress response.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185 - 194
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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