Glomerular dimensions in spontaneously hypertensive rats: Effects of AT1 antagonism

Michelle M. Kett, Daine Alcorn, John F. Bertram, Warwick P. Anderson

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Abstract

Objective. A reduction in glomerular number and/or size has been implicated in the development of hypertension. This study investigated whether differences in glomerular number and/or size occur during the development of hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and whether angiotensin II is responsible for any glomerular differences. Methods. SHR (n = 6) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats (n = 6) were administered the angiotensin II type I receptor antagonist TCV-116 from 4 to 10 weeks of age. At 10 weeks of age, the kidneys from these rats and those from untreated SHR (n = 6) and WKY rats (n = 6) controls were perfusion fixed at physiological pressures and analysed using unbiased stereological techniques. Results. There were no significant differences in glomerular number, glomerular volume or total glomerular volume between SHR and WKY rats. Treatment of SHR with TCV-116 significantly lowered systolic blood pressure but had no significant effect on glomerular number or volume or total glomerular volume. Treatment of WKY rats with TCV-116 reduced systolic blood pressure, body weight, glomerular volume and total glomerular volume; however, total glomerular volume per body weight of treated WKY rats was not significantly different from that of untreated WKY rats. Conclusion. There were no differences in glomerular changes are not responsible for the development of hypertension in SHR. Angiotensin II, via the type 1 receptor, does not contribute to glomerular growth during the development of hypertension in the SHR. number or volume in SHR compared with WKY rats at 10 weeks of age. We therefore conclude that glomerular changes are not responsible for the development of hypertension in SHR. Angiotensin II, via the type 1 receptor, does not contribute to glomerular growth during the development of hypertension in the SHR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-113
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiotensin II
  • Glomerulus
  • Hypertension
  • Kidney
  • Spontaneously hypertensive rat
  • Stereology

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