Global trends in the funding of inclusive education: a narrative review

Umesh Sharma, Samantha Vlcek

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review


    This chapter reports on how funding is used in general education schools around the world to facilitate inclusive education. While research has estab- lished the importance of inclusive education and investigated the diverse funding models employed in different global regions, this narrative review reports on how funding is operationalized at the school and classroom level to achieve the goals of inclusive education. Results indicate funding is commonly allocated to in-service professional learning programmes, resource acquisition, and purposefully tailored supplementary programmes for students with specific educational needs. This chapter outlines recommendations for researchers and policymakers in developing new ways of funding inclusive practices.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationResourcing Inclusive Education
    EditorsJanka Goldan, Jennifer Lambrecht, Tim Loreman
    Place of PublicationBingley UK
    PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Limited
    Number of pages15
    ISBN (Electronic)9781800434561, 9781800434585
    ISBN (Print)9781800434578
    Publication statusPublished - 2021

    Publication series

    NameInternational perspectives on Inclusive Education
    PublisherEmerald Publishing Limited
    ISSN (Print)1479-3636


    • Funding
    • Inclusive education
    • Funding models
    • Considerations
    • Resourcing
    • Inclusion

    Cite this