Global mobility in the 21st century: Conceptualising expatriate return on investment in global firms

Yvonne Maria McNulty, Helen Louise De Cieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


This article develops a conceptual framework to assist in determining the value to be gained from long-term international assignments. By integrating several streams of research, we present a new framework of expatriate return on investment (ROI) for global firms, which both builds on frameworks offered by other scholars and is informed by recent developments and emerging directions in global mobility research and practice. In doing so, we identify relevant questions to guide future research and draw implications of the framework for theory, research, and practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897 - 919
Number of pages23
JournalManagement International Review
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Cite this