Global coagulation assays in patients with diabetes mellitus

Hui Yin Lim, Brandon Lui, Mark Tacey, Anna Kwok, Suresh Varadarajan, Geoffrey Donnan, Harshal Nandurkar, Prahlad Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Background: There is significant heterogeneity in the incidence and severity of diabetes-associated vascular complications and there is no routine biomarker that accurately predicts these outcomes. This pilot study investigates the role of global coagulation assays in patients with diabetes mellitus. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, patients with diabetes not on anticoagulation or dialysis and without active malignancy were recruited from endocrinology clinics. Blood samples were collected for global coagulation assays including thromboelastography (TEG), thrombin generation using calibrated automated thrombogram (CAT), and fibrin generation and fibrinolysis using the overall hemostatic potential (OHP) assay. The results were compared with healthy controls. Results: A total of 147 adult patients including 19 with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), 120 with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and eight with latent autoimmune diabetes were recruited. Compared with 153 healthy controls, patients with diabetes demonstrated higher maximum amplitude (68.6 vs 60.2 mm, p < 0.001) on TEG, and higher OHP (9.3 vs 6.4, p < 0.001) with comparable CAT parameters. Patients with T2DM were more hypercoagulable than those with T1DM on most biomarkers. Higher maximum amplitude, velocity index, and OHP were associated with increased risk of complications (C-stat 0.82). Patients with history of microvascular complications appear to have more hypercoagulable thrombin and fibrin generation than those without. Conclusion: Patients with diabetes have more hypercoagulable profiles on global coagulation assays, particularly patients with T2DM and those with microvascular complications. Further studies with longitudinal follow-up are ongoing to evaluate the utility of global coagulation assays in predicting long-term patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12611
Number of pages12
JournalResearch and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • diabetes mellitus
  • fibrin
  • fibrinolysis
  • thrombin
  • thromboelastography

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