Global Biodiversity: indicators of recent declines

S H M Butchart, Matt Walpole, Ben Collen, Arco van Strien, Joern P W Scharlemann, Rosamunde E A Almond, Jonathan E M Baillie, Bastian Bomhard, Claire Brown, John Bruno, Kent E Carpenter, Genevieve M Carr, Janice Chanson, Anna M Chenery, Jorge Csirke, Nick C Davidson, Frank Dentener, Matt Foster, Alessandro Galli, James GallowayPiero Genovesi, Richard D Gregory, Marc Hockings, Valerie Kapos, Jean-Francois Lamarque, Fiona Leverington, Jonathan Loh, Melodie McGeoch, Louise McRae, Anahit Minasyan, Monica Hernandez Morcillo, Thomasina Oldfield, Daniel Pauly, Suhel Quader, Carmen Revenga, John Sauer, Benjamin Skolnik, Dian Spear, Damon Stanwell-Smith, Simon N Stuart, Andy Symes, Megan Tierney, Tristan D Tyrrell, Jean-Christophe Vie, Reg Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3478 Citations (Scopus)


In 2002, world leaders committed, through the Convention on Biological Diversity, to achieve a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. We compiled 31 indicators to report on progress toward this target. Most indicators of the state of biodiversity (covering species population trends, extinction risk, habitat extent and condition, and community composition) showed declines, with no significant recent reductions in rate, whereas indicators of pressures on biodiversity (including resource consumption, invasive alien species, nitrogen pollution, overexploitation, and climate change impacts) showed increases. Despite some local successes and increasing responses (including extent and biodiversity coverage of protected areas, sustainable forest management, policy responses to invasive alien species, and biodiversity-related aid), the rate of biodiversity loss does not appear to be slowing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1164 - 1168
Number of pages5
Issue number5982
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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