GILZ regulates Th17 responses and restrains IL-17-mediated skin inflammation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Patients with inflammatory autoimmune diseases are routinely treated with synthetic glucocorticoids to suppress immunopathology. A crucial outcome of glucocorticoid exposure is induction of glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ), a protein with multiple functions that include inhibition of key immune cell signalling pathways. Here we report that GILZ maintains a threshold for activation of Th17 responses and IL-17-dependent pathology. GILZ expression was deficient in lesional skin of psoriasis patients and was negatively correlated with the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-23, IL-17A and IL-22, and with STAT3 expression. Deficiency of GILZ in mice resulted in excessive inflammation and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in the imiquimod model of psoriasis, and dendritic cells lacking GILZ produced greater IL-1, IL-23 and IL-6 in response to imiquimod stimulation in vitro. These cytokines stimulate Th17 cell differentiation, and we found unchallenged GILZ-deficient mice to have spontaneous production of IL-17A and IL-22 in vivo. We also identified a T cell-intrinsic role for GILZ in limiting Th17 cell formation in vitro in response to Th17-promoting cytokines IL-1beta and IL-23. Addition of IL-6 under these conditions suppressed GILZ, allowing T cell proliferation and expression of Th17 genes, whereas exogenous delivery of GILZ using a cell-permeable fusion protein restored regulation of Th17 cell proliferation. Thus, GILZ has a non-redundant function to constrain pathogenic Th17 responses, with clinical implications for psoriasis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73 - 80
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Autoimmunity
Volume61
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Cite this

@article{8da458d5e1e34d62b7b7be81a5e031ce,
title = "GILZ regulates Th17 responses and restrains IL-17-mediated skin inflammation",
abstract = "Patients with inflammatory autoimmune diseases are routinely treated with synthetic glucocorticoids to suppress immunopathology. A crucial outcome of glucocorticoid exposure is induction of glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ), a protein with multiple functions that include inhibition of key immune cell signalling pathways. Here we report that GILZ maintains a threshold for activation of Th17 responses and IL-17-dependent pathology. GILZ expression was deficient in lesional skin of psoriasis patients and was negatively correlated with the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-23, IL-17A and IL-22, and with STAT3 expression. Deficiency of GILZ in mice resulted in excessive inflammation and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in the imiquimod model of psoriasis, and dendritic cells lacking GILZ produced greater IL-1, IL-23 and IL-6 in response to imiquimod stimulation in vitro. These cytokines stimulate Th17 cell differentiation, and we found unchallenged GILZ-deficient mice to have spontaneous production of IL-17A and IL-22 in vivo. We also identified a T cell-intrinsic role for GILZ in limiting Th17 cell formation in vitro in response to Th17-promoting cytokines IL-1beta and IL-23. Addition of IL-6 under these conditions suppressed GILZ, allowing T cell proliferation and expression of Th17 genes, whereas exogenous delivery of GILZ using a cell-permeable fusion protein restored regulation of Th17 cell proliferation. Thus, GILZ has a non-redundant function to constrain pathogenic Th17 responses, with clinical implications for psoriasis.",
author = "Sarah Jones and Perera, {Diluptha Navodya} and Huapeng Fan and Russ, {Brendan E} and James Harris and Morand, {Eric Francis}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1016/j.jaut.2015.05.010",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "73 -- 80",
journal = "Journal of Autoimmunity",
issn = "0896-8411",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

GILZ regulates Th17 responses and restrains IL-17-mediated skin inflammation. / Jones, Sarah; Perera, Diluptha Navodya; Fan, Huapeng; Russ, Brendan E; Harris, James; Morand, Eric Francis.

In: Journal of Autoimmunity, Vol. 61, 2015, p. 73 - 80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - GILZ regulates Th17 responses and restrains IL-17-mediated skin inflammation

AU - Jones, Sarah

AU - Perera, Diluptha Navodya

AU - Fan, Huapeng

AU - Russ, Brendan E

AU - Harris, James

AU - Morand, Eric Francis

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Patients with inflammatory autoimmune diseases are routinely treated with synthetic glucocorticoids to suppress immunopathology. A crucial outcome of glucocorticoid exposure is induction of glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ), a protein with multiple functions that include inhibition of key immune cell signalling pathways. Here we report that GILZ maintains a threshold for activation of Th17 responses and IL-17-dependent pathology. GILZ expression was deficient in lesional skin of psoriasis patients and was negatively correlated with the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-23, IL-17A and IL-22, and with STAT3 expression. Deficiency of GILZ in mice resulted in excessive inflammation and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in the imiquimod model of psoriasis, and dendritic cells lacking GILZ produced greater IL-1, IL-23 and IL-6 in response to imiquimod stimulation in vitro. These cytokines stimulate Th17 cell differentiation, and we found unchallenged GILZ-deficient mice to have spontaneous production of IL-17A and IL-22 in vivo. We also identified a T cell-intrinsic role for GILZ in limiting Th17 cell formation in vitro in response to Th17-promoting cytokines IL-1beta and IL-23. Addition of IL-6 under these conditions suppressed GILZ, allowing T cell proliferation and expression of Th17 genes, whereas exogenous delivery of GILZ using a cell-permeable fusion protein restored regulation of Th17 cell proliferation. Thus, GILZ has a non-redundant function to constrain pathogenic Th17 responses, with clinical implications for psoriasis.

AB - Patients with inflammatory autoimmune diseases are routinely treated with synthetic glucocorticoids to suppress immunopathology. A crucial outcome of glucocorticoid exposure is induction of glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ), a protein with multiple functions that include inhibition of key immune cell signalling pathways. Here we report that GILZ maintains a threshold for activation of Th17 responses and IL-17-dependent pathology. GILZ expression was deficient in lesional skin of psoriasis patients and was negatively correlated with the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-23, IL-17A and IL-22, and with STAT3 expression. Deficiency of GILZ in mice resulted in excessive inflammation and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in the imiquimod model of psoriasis, and dendritic cells lacking GILZ produced greater IL-1, IL-23 and IL-6 in response to imiquimod stimulation in vitro. These cytokines stimulate Th17 cell differentiation, and we found unchallenged GILZ-deficient mice to have spontaneous production of IL-17A and IL-22 in vivo. We also identified a T cell-intrinsic role for GILZ in limiting Th17 cell formation in vitro in response to Th17-promoting cytokines IL-1beta and IL-23. Addition of IL-6 under these conditions suppressed GILZ, allowing T cell proliferation and expression of Th17 genes, whereas exogenous delivery of GILZ using a cell-permeable fusion protein restored regulation of Th17 cell proliferation. Thus, GILZ has a non-redundant function to constrain pathogenic Th17 responses, with clinical implications for psoriasis.

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JF - Journal of Autoimmunity

SN - 0896-8411

ER -