Germline Stem Cell Activity Is Sustained by SALL4-Dependent Silencing of Distinct Tumor Suppressor Genes

Ai Leen Chan, Hue M. La, Julien M.D. Legrand, Juho Antti Mäkelä, Michael Eichenlaub, Mia De Seram, Mirana Ramialison, Robin M. Hobbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Sustained spermatogenesis in adult males and fertility recovery following germ cell depletion are dependent on undifferentiated spermatogonia. We previously demonstrated a key role for the transcription factor SALL4 in spermatogonial differentiation. However, whether SALL4 has broader roles within spermatogonia remains unclear despite its ability to co-regulate genes with PLZF, a transcription factor required for undifferentiated cell maintenance. Through development of inducible knockout models, we show that short-term integrity of differentiating but not undifferentiated populations requires SALL4. However, SALL4 loss was associated with long-term functional decline of undifferentiated spermatogonia and disrupted stem cell-driven regeneration. Mechanistically, SALL4 associated with the NuRD co-repressor and repressed expression of the tumor suppressor genes Foxl1 and Dusp4. Aberrant Foxl1 activation inhibited undifferentiated cell growth and survival, while DUSP4 suppressed self-renewal pathways. We therefore uncover an essential role for SALL4 in maintenance of undifferentiated spermatogonial activity and identify regulatory pathways critical for germline stem cell function. In this article, Hobbs and colleagues characterize a critical role for the transcription factor SALL4 in maintenance of undifferentiated spermatogonia in the testis. While undifferentiated cells initially tolerated acute Sall4 deletion, they were progressively depleted over time. SALL4 regulated undifferentiated cell function by repressing Dusp4 and Foxl1, which suppressed cell proliferation and survival and blocked self-renewal signals when aberrantly expressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)956-971
Number of pages16
JournalStem Cell Reports
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Germline stem cells
  • SALL4
  • Self-renewal
  • Spermatogonia
  • Transcription factors
  • Tumor suppressor genes

Cite this

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title = "Germline Stem Cell Activity Is Sustained by SALL4-Dependent Silencing of Distinct Tumor Suppressor Genes",
abstract = "Sustained spermatogenesis in adult males and fertility recovery following germ cell depletion are dependent on undifferentiated spermatogonia. We previously demonstrated a key role for the transcription factor SALL4 in spermatogonial differentiation. However, whether SALL4 has broader roles within spermatogonia remains unclear despite its ability to co-regulate genes with PLZF, a transcription factor required for undifferentiated cell maintenance. Through development of inducible knockout models, we show that short-term integrity of differentiating but not undifferentiated populations requires SALL4. However, SALL4 loss was associated with long-term functional decline of undifferentiated spermatogonia and disrupted stem cell-driven regeneration. Mechanistically, SALL4 associated with the NuRD co-repressor and repressed expression of the tumor suppressor genes Foxl1 and Dusp4. Aberrant Foxl1 activation inhibited undifferentiated cell growth and survival, while DUSP4 suppressed self-renewal pathways. We therefore uncover an essential role for SALL4 in maintenance of undifferentiated spermatogonial activity and identify regulatory pathways critical for germline stem cell function. In this article, Hobbs and colleagues characterize a critical role for the transcription factor SALL4 in maintenance of undifferentiated spermatogonia in the testis. While undifferentiated cells initially tolerated acute Sall4 deletion, they were progressively depleted over time. SALL4 regulated undifferentiated cell function by repressing Dusp4 and Foxl1, which suppressed cell proliferation and survival and blocked self-renewal signals when aberrantly expressed.",
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Germline Stem Cell Activity Is Sustained by SALL4-Dependent Silencing of Distinct Tumor Suppressor Genes. / Chan, Ai Leen; La, Hue M.; Legrand, Julien M.D.; Mäkelä, Juho Antti; Eichenlaub, Michael; De Seram, Mia; Ramialison, Mirana; Hobbs, Robin M.

In: Stem Cell Reports, Vol. 9, No. 3, 12.09.2017, p. 956-971.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Germline Stem Cell Activity Is Sustained by SALL4-Dependent Silencing of Distinct Tumor Suppressor Genes

AU - Chan, Ai Leen

AU - La, Hue M.

AU - Legrand, Julien M.D.

AU - Mäkelä, Juho Antti

AU - Eichenlaub, Michael

AU - De Seram, Mia

AU - Ramialison, Mirana

AU - Hobbs, Robin M.

PY - 2017/9/12

Y1 - 2017/9/12

N2 - Sustained spermatogenesis in adult males and fertility recovery following germ cell depletion are dependent on undifferentiated spermatogonia. We previously demonstrated a key role for the transcription factor SALL4 in spermatogonial differentiation. However, whether SALL4 has broader roles within spermatogonia remains unclear despite its ability to co-regulate genes with PLZF, a transcription factor required for undifferentiated cell maintenance. Through development of inducible knockout models, we show that short-term integrity of differentiating but not undifferentiated populations requires SALL4. However, SALL4 loss was associated with long-term functional decline of undifferentiated spermatogonia and disrupted stem cell-driven regeneration. Mechanistically, SALL4 associated with the NuRD co-repressor and repressed expression of the tumor suppressor genes Foxl1 and Dusp4. Aberrant Foxl1 activation inhibited undifferentiated cell growth and survival, while DUSP4 suppressed self-renewal pathways. We therefore uncover an essential role for SALL4 in maintenance of undifferentiated spermatogonial activity and identify regulatory pathways critical for germline stem cell function. In this article, Hobbs and colleagues characterize a critical role for the transcription factor SALL4 in maintenance of undifferentiated spermatogonia in the testis. While undifferentiated cells initially tolerated acute Sall4 deletion, they were progressively depleted over time. SALL4 regulated undifferentiated cell function by repressing Dusp4 and Foxl1, which suppressed cell proliferation and survival and blocked self-renewal signals when aberrantly expressed.

AB - Sustained spermatogenesis in adult males and fertility recovery following germ cell depletion are dependent on undifferentiated spermatogonia. We previously demonstrated a key role for the transcription factor SALL4 in spermatogonial differentiation. However, whether SALL4 has broader roles within spermatogonia remains unclear despite its ability to co-regulate genes with PLZF, a transcription factor required for undifferentiated cell maintenance. Through development of inducible knockout models, we show that short-term integrity of differentiating but not undifferentiated populations requires SALL4. However, SALL4 loss was associated with long-term functional decline of undifferentiated spermatogonia and disrupted stem cell-driven regeneration. Mechanistically, SALL4 associated with the NuRD co-repressor and repressed expression of the tumor suppressor genes Foxl1 and Dusp4. Aberrant Foxl1 activation inhibited undifferentiated cell growth and survival, while DUSP4 suppressed self-renewal pathways. We therefore uncover an essential role for SALL4 in maintenance of undifferentiated spermatogonial activity and identify regulatory pathways critical for germline stem cell function. In this article, Hobbs and colleagues characterize a critical role for the transcription factor SALL4 in maintenance of undifferentiated spermatogonia in the testis. While undifferentiated cells initially tolerated acute Sall4 deletion, they were progressively depleted over time. SALL4 regulated undifferentiated cell function by repressing Dusp4 and Foxl1, which suppressed cell proliferation and survival and blocked self-renewal signals when aberrantly expressed.

KW - Germline stem cells

KW - SALL4

KW - Self-renewal

KW - Spermatogonia

KW - Transcription factors

KW - Tumor suppressor genes

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U2 - 10.1016/j.stemcr.2017.08.001

DO - 10.1016/j.stemcr.2017.08.001

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 956

EP - 971

JO - Stem Cell Reports

JF - Stem Cell Reports

SN - 2213-6711

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