A multidrug-resistant CTX-M-15-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KpP1 strain) was isolated from a native Amazonian fish (Brachyplatystoma filamentosum) at the Brazilian Amazon. The strain was identified by MALDI-TOF. The genome was extracted, purified and a Nextera DNA Flex library was prepared and sequenced by Illumina platform. The sequenced genome was de novo assembled using Unicycler and in silico prediction accomplished by curated bioinformatics tools. The size of the genome is 5.6 Mb with 5715 genes. Whole-genome sequencing analysis revealed the presence of wide resistome, with genes conferring resistance to clinically relevant antibiotics, heavy metals and disinfectants. The KpP1 strain was assigned to the sequence type ST3827, KL111 (wzi113) and O3b locus. Native freshwater fish sold in wet markets of the Amazonian region could be an important vehicle for transmission of multidrug-resistant bacteria to humans. This study may give genomic insights on the spread of critical-priority WHO pathogens in a One Health context.