Objectives: TEM-52 extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) have been detected in members of the Enterobacteriaceae isolated from human and non-human reservoirs, mainly in European countries. Here we report the first draft genome of a multidrug-resistant TEM-52b-positive Escherichia coli isolated from a companion animal in France. Methods: Whole genomic DNA from E. coli 39590 was extracted and was sequenced using an Illumina NextSeq platform. De novo genome assembly was performed using Velvet v.1.2.10 and the draft genome was annotated using the NCBI Prokaryotic Genome Annotation Pipeline v.3.2. Genomic analyses were performed through bioinformatics tools from the Center for Genomic Epidemiology. Results: The genome size was calculated as 5 362 108 bp, with 5268 protein-coding sequences and a GC content of 50.5%. E. coli strain 39590 belonged to ST219, serotype O4:H34 and phylogroup E. The antimicrobial resistome consisted of genes encoding resistance to β-lactams (blaTEM-52b), aminoglycosides [aph(3″)-Ib, aph(6)-Id, aadA2, aadA24], phenicols (catA1), sulfonamides (sul1, sul2), trimethoprim (dfrA1, dfrA14), lincosamides (lnuG) and tetracycline (tetA) as well as mutations in gyrA (Ser83Leu, Asp87Asn) and parC (Ser80Ile) conferring resistance to quinolones. Virulome analysis revealed iss, astA and eilA genes, and IncQ1, IncX4, IncX1, IncFIB and IncFIC plasmid incompatibility groups were identified. Conclusion: This draft genome can be used as a reference sequence for comparative studies using human and non-human E. coli isolates to identify genetic events that have contributed to pathogenicity and adaptation of TEM-52-producing E. coli clones at the human–animal interface as well as to elucidate dynamics of the spread of blaTEM-52 ESBL genes.
- Bacterial pathogen
- Companion animal