Genome-wide association study to identify common variants associated with brachial circumference: A meta-analysis of 14 cohorts

Vesna Boraska, Aaron Day-Williams, Christopher S. Franklin, Katherine S. Elliott, Kalliope Panoutsopoulou, Ioanna Tachmazidou, Eva Albrecht, Stefania Bandinelli, Lawrence J. Beilin, Murielle Bochud, Gemma Cadby, Florian Ernst, David M. Evans, Caroline Hayward, Andrew A. Hicks, Jennifer Huffman, Cornelia Huth, Alan L James, Norman Klopp, Ivana KolcicZoltán Kutalik, Debbie A. Lawlor, Arthur W. Musk, Marina Pehlic, Craig E. Pennell, John R.B. Perry, Annette Peters, Ozren Polasek, Beate St Pourcain, Susan M Ring, Erika Salvi, Sabine Schipf, Jan A. Staessen, Alexander Teumer, Nicholas Timpson, Veronique Vitart, Nicole M Warrington, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Tatijana Zemunik, Lina Zgaga, Ping-Ping Fu, Verneri Anttila, Ingrid B. Borecki, Jostein Holmen, Ioanna Ntalla, Aarno Palotie, Kirsi H. Pietiläinen, Juho Wedenoja, Bendik S. Winsvold, George V. Dedoussis, Jaakko Kaprio, Michael A. Province, John Anker Zwart, Michel Burnier, Harry Campbell, Daniele Cusi, George Davey Smith, Timothy M. Frayling, Christian Gieger, Lyle J Palmer, Peter P. Pramstaller, Igor Rudan, Henry Völzke, H. Erich Wichmann, Alan F. Wright, Eleftheria Zeggini

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Abstract

Brachial circumference (BC), also known as upper arm or mid arm circumference, can be used as an indicator of muscle mass and fat tissue, which are distributed differently in men and women. Analysis of anthropometric measures of peripheral fat distribution such as BC could help in understanding the complex pathophysiology behind overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study is to identify genetic variants associated with BC through a large-scale genome-wide association scan (GWAS) meta-analysis. We used fixed-effects meta-analysis to synthesise summary results across 14 GWAS discovery and 4 replication cohorts comprising overall 22,376 individuals (12,031 women and 10,345 men) of European ancestry. Individual analyses were carried out for men, women, and combined across sexes using linear regression and an additive genetic model: adjusted for age and adjusted for age and BMI. We prioritised signals for follow-up in two-stages. We did not detect any signals reaching genome-wide significance. The FTO rs9939609 SNP showed nominal evidence for association (p<0.05) in the age-adjusted strata for men and across both sexes. In this first GWAS meta-analysis for BC to date, we have not identified any genome-wide significant signals and do not observe robust association of previously established obesity loci with BC. Large-scale collaborations will be necessary to achieve higher power to detect loci underlying BC.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere31369
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Boraska, V., Day-Williams, A., Franklin, C. S., Elliott, K. S., Panoutsopoulou, K., Tachmazidou, I., Albrecht, E., Bandinelli, S., Beilin, L. J., Bochud, M., Cadby, G., Ernst, F., Evans, D. M., Hayward, C., Hicks, A. A., Huffman, J., Huth, C., James, A. L., Klopp, N., ... Zeggini, E. (2012). Genome-wide association study to identify common variants associated with brachial circumference: A meta-analysis of 14 cohorts. PLoS ONE, 7(3), [e31369]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031369