BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with insulin resistance and reproductive and metabolic abnormalities. The potential genetic contributors to PCOS are unclear. We tested the hypothesis that genomic instability (chromosome malsegregation and DNA damage) is increased in PCOS. METHODS: Overweight age, weight and BMI-matched women with (n=14) and without (n=16) PCOS (age 34.2+/-6.0 years, weight 90.7+/-14.5 kg, BMI 34.0+/-5.6 kg/m(2), mean+/-S.D.) were assessed for chromosome malsegregation (assessed by X chromosome chromogenic in situ hybridisation) and micronucleus frequency (assessed by the cytokinesis block micronucleus index) in lymphocytes. RESULTS: Women with PCOS had significantly elevated genomic instability as demonstrated by a significantly higher number of binucleated lymphocytes containing micronuclei, total number of micronuclei, a higher proportion of aneuploid X chromosome signals (2:1 X and 3:1 X) and a lower proportion of normal X chromosome segregation signals (2:2 X) in binucleated lymphocytes than women without PCOS. Surrogate measures of insulin resistance positively correlated with the proportion of aneuploid cells (2:1; 3:1 X chromosome signals) and inversely with the proportion of normal cells (2:2 X chromosome signals). CONCLUSION: Women with PCOS display increased genomic instability (higher micronuclei and chromosome malsegregation) compared to women without PCOS and this increase may be related to the insulin resistance phenotype.
|Pages (from-to)||55 - 63|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|