Genome analysis reveals insights of the endophytic Bacillus toyonensis BAC3151 as a potentially novel agent for biocontrol of plant pathogens

Ralf Lopes, Louise Cerdeira, Grace S. Tavares, Jeronimo C. Ruiz, Jochen Blom, Elvira C.A. Horácio, Hilário C. Mantovani, Marisa Vieira de Queiroz

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Diseases caused by phytopathogenic microorganisms account for enormous losses for agribusiness. Although Bacillus species are recognized as being antimicrobial producers and some may provide benefits to plants, the association between Bacillus toyonensis and plants has not been studied. In this study, the whole-genome sequenced endophytic B. toyonensis BAC3151, which has demonstrated antimicrobial activity and quorum sensing inhibition of phytopathogenic bacteria, was investigated for its potential for the production of compounds for biocontrol of plant pathogens. Four whole-genome sequenced B. toyonensis strains shared 3811 protein-coding DNA sequences (CDSs), while strain-specific CDSs, such as biosynthetic gene clusters of antimicrobials, were associated with specific chromosomal regions and mobile genetic elements of the strains. B. toyonensis strains had a higher frequency of putative bacteriocins gene clusters than that of Bacillus species traditionally used for the production of antimicrobials. In addition, gene clusters potentially involved in the production of novel bacteriocins were found in BAC3151, as well as biosynthetic genes of several other compounds, including non-ribosomal peptides, N-acyl homoserine lactonase and chitinases, revealing a genetic repertoire for antimicrobial synthesis greater than that of other Bacillus strains that have demonstrated effective activity against phytopathogens. This study showed for the first time that B. toyonensis has potential to produce various antimicrobials, and the analyses performed indicated that the endophytic strain BAC3151 can be useful for the development of new strategies to control microbial diseases in plants that are responsible for large damages in agricultural crops.

Original languageEnglish
Article number185
Number of pages15
JournalWorld Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Antimicrobials
  • Bacillus toyonensis
  • Endophytic
  • Enzymes
  • Genome-mining
  • Secondary metabolites

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