Genetic impairment of AMPKα2 signaling does not reduce muscle glucose uptake during treadmill exercise in mice

Stine J. Maarbjerg, Sebastian B. Jørgensen, Adam J. Rose, Jacob Jeppesen, Thomas E. Jensen, Jonas T. Treebak, Jesper B. Birk, Peter Schjerling, Jørgen F.P. Wojtaszewski, Erik A. Richter

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Abstract

Some studies suggest that the 5′-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is important in regulating muscle glucose uptake in response to intense electrically stimulated contractions. However, it is unknown whether AMPK regulates muscle glucose uptake during in vivo exercise. We studied this in male and female mice overexpressing kinase-dead AMPKα2 (AMPK-KD) in skeletal and heart muscles. Wild-type and AMPK-KD mice were exercised at the same absolute intensity and the same relative intensity (30 and 70% of individual maximal running speed) to correct for reduced exercise capacity of the AMPK-KD mouse. Muscle glucose clearance was measured using 2-deoxy-[3H] glucose as tracer. In wild-type mice, glucose clearance was increased at 30 and 70% of maximal running speed by 40 and 350% in the quadriceps muscle and by 120 and 380% in gastrocnemius muscle, respectively. Glucose clearance was not lower in AMPK-KD muscles compared with wild-type regardless of whether animals were exercised at the same relative or the same absolute intensity. In agreement, surface membrane content of the glucose transporter GLUT4 was increased similarly in AMPK-KD and wild-type muscle in response to running. We also measured signaling of alternative exercise-sensitive pathways that might be compensatorily increased in AMPK-KD muscles. However, increases in phosphorylation of CaMKII, Trisk95, p38 MAPK, and ERK1/2 were not higher in AMPK-KD than in WT muscle. Collectively, these findings suggest that AMPKα2 signaling is not essential in regulating glucose uptake in mouse skeletal muscle during treadmill exercise and that other mechanisms play a central role.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume297
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adenosine 5′-monophosphate-activated protein kinase
  • Glucose transport
  • Molecular signaling

Cite this

Maarbjerg, S. J., Jørgensen, S. B., Rose, A. J., Jeppesen, J., Jensen, T. E., Treebak, J. T., Birk, J. B., Schjerling, P., Wojtaszewski, J. F. P., & Richter, E. A. (2009). Genetic impairment of AMPKα2 signaling does not reduce muscle glucose uptake during treadmill exercise in mice. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism, 297(4). https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.90653.2008