Genetic and epigenetic basis of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury: Protection by dietary antioxidants and chromatin-modifying compounds

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Numerous biological processes are associated with myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury. These include the activation of cell death programmes (necrosis, apoptosis, and autophagy), innate and adaptive immune responses, myofibrilar hypercontracture, pH and metabolic disruption, and microvascular permeability and leakage. Therapeutic approaches aimed at targeting the biological cascade associated with reperfusion injury have involved ischemic pre-and postconditioning, activation of the reperfusion injury salvage kinase (RISK) pathway, and targeting the mitochondrial transition pore PTP. Given the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in reperfusion injury, antioxidants have also been widely investigated as potential therapeutic agents. In this chapter, we discuss recent advances in our understanding of the molecular basis of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury. Genetic events are analyzed and emerging epigenetic mechanisms are described in the context of potential therapeutics. Already, numerous synthetic and dietary chromatin-modifying compounds have been investigated in models of disease. We discuss the mechanisms of action of dietary and synthetic antioxidants and chromatin-modifying compounds in detail.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCardiovascular Diseases
Subtitle of host publicationNutritional and Therapeutic Interventions
EditorsNilanjana Maulik
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9781439882016
ISBN (Print)9781439882009
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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