A techno-economic equation-based methodology is developed for optimal design and operation of integrated solvent-based post-combustion carbon capture (PCC) processes using a rate-based model for the interaction of gas and liquid. The algorithm considers a wide range of techno-economic design and operation parameters such as number of absorber/desorber columns, height of columns, diameter of columns, operating conditions (P, T) of columns, pressure drop, packing type, percentage of CO2 mitigated, captured CO2 purity, amount of solvent regeneration, flooding velocities of columns, and number of compression stages. A case study is conducted to showcase two common objective-functions i) minimizing total capital investment, and ii) minimizing levelized capture costs, both for a 300 MW coal-power plant in Australia. The former objective leads to the lowest possible total capital cost of $312.4 M corresponding to levelized carbon capture cost of 58.1 $/tonne−CO2. For objective (ii), however, the lowest levelized carbon capture cost is found to be around ten percent lower (52.8 $/tonne−CO2), though it leads to a higher total capital cost ($325.2 M). The results indicate that the design and operation variables are markedly interactive, and no unique optimal design exists which can deliver all desired outcomes at once. Therefore, decisions on the selection of right variables become dependent on the decision-makers techno-economic objectives.
- Climate change mitigation
- Post-combustion carbon capture (PCC)
- Process design and economics
- Process systems engineering