Generation of novel Id2 and E2-2, E2A and HEB antibodies reveals novel Id2 binding partners and species-specific expression of E-proteins in NK cells

Jai Rautela, Laura F. Dagley, Tobias Kratina, Angaleena Anthony, Wilford Goh, Elliot Surgenor, Rebecca B. Delconte, Andrew I. Webb, Ngaire Elwood, Joanna R. Groom, Fernando Souza-Fonseca-Guimaraes, Lynn Corcoran, Nicholas D. Huntington

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NK cells are cytotoxic lymphocytes with a key role in limiting tumour metastases. In mice, the NK cell lineage continually expresses high levels of the Inhibitor of DNA-binding 2 (Id2) protein and loss of Id2 is incongruous with their survival due to aberrant E-protein target gene activity. Using novel Id2 and E-protein antibodies that detect both mouse and human proteins, we have extensively characterised Id2 and E-protein expression in murine and human NK cells. We detected clear expression of E2 A and HEB, and to a lesser extent E2-2 in murine NK cells. In contrast HEB appears to be the major E-protein expressed in human NK cells, with minor E2-2 expression and surprisingly, no E2 A detected in primary NK cells nor human NK cell lines. These novel antibodies are also functional in immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation. Mass spectrometry analysis of Id2 immuno-precipitated from murine NK cells revealed a number of novel associated proteins including several members of the SWI/SNF-related matrix-associated actin-dependent regulator chromatin (SMARC) and Mediator complex (MED) families. Taken together, these data highlight the utility of novel Id2 and E-protein antibodies and caution against mouse models for understanding Id2/E-protein biology in NK cells given their clearly disparate expression patternbetween species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-63
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Immunology
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • NK cells

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