Gender quotas, competitions, and peer review: experimental evidence on the backlash against women

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


This study experimentally investigates gender quotas in light of peer review. We investigate competitions with and without gender quotas and a peer review process that allows for sabotage. Our findings show that the possibility of peer sabotage renders the gender quota ineffective in encouraging women to enter tournaments. Moreover, we provide evidence of a severe backlash against women, as they become targets of sabotage under gender quotas. Interestingly, this is the result of women focusing on sabotaging each other while men sabotage indiscriminately. Our results have implications for the use of quotas to mitigate the underrepresentation and underperformance of minority groups in environments in which peer sabotage is possible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3501-3516
Number of pages16
JournalManagement Science
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018


  • A rmative action
  • Competition
  • Gender gap
  • Gender quota
  • Labor market
  • Sabotage
  • Tournament

Cite this