Gender Dysphoria

Sean Robert Atkinson, Darren B Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review


Gender dysphoria is the distress or discomfort that may occur when a person’s biological sex and gender identity do not align. The true prevalence of gender dysphoria is unknown in Australia because of varying definitions, different cultural norms and paucity of data. Individuals who identify as transgender are vulnerable, and have higher rates of discrimination, depression and suicidality, compared with the general population.

The aim of this article is to familiarise general practitioners (GPs) with the principles of transgender care so they may provide a safe and supportive environment for patients presenting with concerns.

It is important to have a basic understanding of how to conduct an initial consultation of gender dysphoria even if it is an uncommon presentation in general practice. Management should be individualised and may involve a combination of social work, education, counselling, hormone therapy and surgery
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)792
Number of pages796
JournalAustralian Family Physician
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • gender dysphoria
  • General Practice

Cite this

Atkinson, S. R., & Russell, D. B. (2015). Gender Dysphoria. Australian Family Physician, 44(11), 792.