Gender and food security in Bangladesh: the impact of climate change

Margaret Alston, Badi Akhter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Food security remains a critical global issue, made more difficult because of the rising world population, climate challenges affecting food production and a focus on market-based solutions that undermine subsistence production in vulnerable rural areas. Particularly affected are countries across Asia where poverty, hunger and malnourishment affect a significant proportion of the population. Drawing on Sen’s entitlement theory, we argue that a shift in focus from national food production to intra-household food access enables a critical reflection on consumption smoothing strategies adopted at this level. In particular, we draw attention to the tendency for women and girls to eat less as an intra-household adaptation strategy. We present findings from our research in rural areas of Bangladesh and note that adaptation strategies adopted by households in response to food insecurity. We note that strategies designed to address food insecurity must include gender mainstreaming to ensure that women and girls are not taking a disproportionate responsibility for intra-household food security.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1450 - 1464
Number of pages15
JournalGender, Place and Culture: a journal of feminist geography
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2016


  • adaptation
  • climate change
  • food production
  • food security
  • Gender

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