Sugarbeet pectin is shown to form gels in the presence of calcium using an enzyme preparation extracted from orange peel. The gels were transparent and exhibited no syneresis. The mechanism of gelation is chain association arising from both lowered pectin solubility and from formation of a limited network of calcium-linked junction zones. The gelation reaction involves limited pectin demethoxylation, the release of acetate presumably from C-2 or C-3 of galacturonyl residues, and a decrease in pH. The enzymes responsible are pectinesterase (EC 220.127.116.11) and pectin acetylesterase. We suggest that the latter is a novel activity associated with triacetin acetylesterase (EC 18.104.22.168). The gels are compared to citrus pectin gels made in the same way.