Recently, smart adhesive superhydrophobic surfaces have attracted much attention. However, it is still a challenge to obtain a superhydrophobic surface with shape memory adhesive performance. Herein, inspired by the special back-scrolling/unfolding ability of gecko toe pads and corresponding tunable adhesion, we report such a film produced by sticking a layer of superhydrophobic pillar structured polyurethane (s-PU) onto a shape memory polyurethane-cellulose nanofiber (PU-CNF) substrate to mimic the hair-like skin structure and underlying muscle of the gecko toe pads, respectively. Similar to the muscle of the gecko toe pads, the excellent shape memory effect of the PU-CNF substrate can help the obtained film to memorize and repeatedly display different shapes and solid/water contact models. Thus reversible switching between multiple states from the low-adhesive rolling performance to the high-adhesive pinning performance can be realized. Meanwhile, based on its smart wetting performance, not only the traditional in situ capture/release of one microdroplet, but also the step-by-step release of different droplets can be realized on our film. This work reports a new superhydrophobic shape memory adhesive film, which offers a novel strategy for surface adhesion control and meanwhile opens a new road for applications in controlled droplet manipulation.