Gastric precancerous lesions are associated with gene variants in Helicobacter pylori-susceptible ethnic Malays

Sathiya Maran, Yeong Yeh Lee, Shuhua Xu, Nur Shafawati Rajab, Norhazrini Hasan, Syed Hassan Syed Abdul Aziz, Noorizan Abdul Majid, Bin Alwi Zilfalil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM: To identify genes associated with gastric pre precancerous lesions in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)- susceptible ethnic Malays. METHODS: Twenty-three Malay subjects with H. pylori infection and gastric precancerous lesions identified during endoscopy were included as "cases". Thirtyseven Malay subjects who were H. pylori negative and had no precancerous lesions were included as "controls". Venous blood was collected for genotyping with Affymetrix 50K Xba1 kit. Genotypes with call rates < 90% for autosomal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were excluded. For each precancerous lesion, associated SNPs were identified from Manhattan plots, and only SNPs with a χ 2 P value < 0.05 and Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium P value > 0.5 was considered as significant markers. RESULTS: Of the 23 H. pylori -positive subjects recruited, one sample was excluded from further analysis due to a low genotyping call rate. Of the 22 H. pylori - positive samples, atrophic gastritis only was present in 50.0%, complete intestinal metaplasia was present in 18.25%, both incomplete intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia was present in 22.7%, and dysplasia only was present in 9.1%. SNPs rs9315542 (UFM1 gene), rs6878265 (THBS4 gene), rs1042194 (CYP2C19 gene) and rs10505799 (MGST1 gene) were significantly associated with atrophic gastritis, complete intestinal metaplasia, incomplete metaplasia with foci of dysplasia and dysplasia, respectively. Allele frequencies in "cases" vs "controls" for rs9315542, rs6878265, rs1042194 and rs10505799 were 0.4 vs 0.06, 0.6 vs 0.01, 0.6 vs 0.01 and 0.5 vs 0.02, respectively. CONCLUSION: Genetic variants possibly related to gastric precancerous lesions in ethnic Malays susceptible to H. pylori infection were identified for testing in subsequent trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3615-3622
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume19
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gastric precancerous lesions
  • Gene polymorphisms
  • Genome-wide association
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Malays

Cite this