Gastric and intestinal absorption of captopril in acutely and chronically treated rats: Comparison with salicylic acid

Peter J. Worland, Olaf H. Drummer, Bevyn Jarrott

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Abstract

The gastric and intestinal absorption of captopril, an orally active angiotensin‐converting enzyme inhibitor was determined using rat in situ gastric pouch and intestinal loop techniques and compared with the absorption of another acidic drug, salicylic acid, whose absorption has been well established from both gastric and intestinal sites. Captopril absorption was determined at two initial intraluminal concentrations in acute (untreated) rats and in rats that had been chronically treated with captopril. Salicylic acid absorption was determined at one concentration in acute rats. During the 40‐min experimental period, captopril absorption at the 4.6 mM dose from the gastric pouch was 17.0 ± 1.8% and 17.9 ± 5.4% in acute and chronically treated rats, respectively, and 33.6 ± 9.2% and 23.7 ± 7.6%, respectively, from the intestinal loop. At the 11.5 mM dose the captopril absorption in 40 min was 13.7 ± 2.7% and 17.3 ± 4.2% from the gastric pouch of acutely and chronically treated rats, respectively, and 17.8 ± 4.2% and 22.9 ± 3.3%, respectively, from the intestinal loop. As similar fractions of the different administered doses were absorbed from the respective gastric and intestinal sites in both acutely and chronically treated rats, the absorption process of captopril appears to be principally by passive diffusion and unaffected by chronic administration of captopril. In comparison, salicylic acid was absorbed more rapidly and to a greater extent from both the gastric and intestinal preparations. The percent of salicylic acid absorbed into the plasma at the 11.5 mM dose was 44.8 ± 4.4% and 65.3 ± 5.3% from the gastric and intestinal preparations, respectively. It is concluded that gastric absorption of captopril does occur, but its relative importance to intestinal absorption is dependent on the transit time from the gastric to intestinal site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1755-1758
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume73
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1984
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Captopril—in situ absorption, comparison with salicylic acid, rats
  • Salicylic acid—in situ absorption, comparison with captopril, rats

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