Gas flow unified measurement system for sequential measurement of gas diffusion and gas permeability of partially hydrated geosynthetic clay liners

Md A. Rouf, Abdelmalek Bouazza, Rao M. Singh, Will P. Gates, R. Kerry Rowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A gas flow unified measurement system (UMS-G) for sequential measurement of gas diffusion and gas permeability of geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) under applied stress conditions (2 to 20 kPa) is described. Measurements made with the UMS-G are compared with measurements made with conventional experimental devices and are found to give similar results. The UMS-G removes the need to rely on two separate systems and increases further the reliability of the gas properties’ measurements. This study also shows that the gas diffusion and gas permeability reduce greatly with the increase of both gravimetric water content and apparent degree of saturation. The effect of applied stress on gas diffusion and gas permeability is found to be more pronounced at gravimetric water content greater than 60%. These findings suggest that at a nominal overburden stress of 20 kPa, the GCL used in the present investigation needs to be hydrated to 134% gravimetric water content (65% apparent degree of saturation) before gas diffusion and gas permeability drop to 5.5 × 10−11 m2·s−1 and 8.0 × 10−13 m·s−1, respectively, and to an even higher gravimetric water content (apparent degrees of saturation) at lower stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1000-1012
Number of pages13
JournalCanadian Geotechnical Journal
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Advection
  • Diffusion
  • Gas flow
  • Geosynthetic clay liner
  • Gravimetric water content

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