Gamete expression of tale class hd genes activates the diploid sporophyte program in marchantia polymorpha

Tom Dierschke, Eduardo Flores-Sandoval, Madlen I. Rast-Somssich, Felix Althoff, Sabine Zachgo, John L. Bowman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eukaryotic life cycles alternate between haploid and diploid phases and in phyloge-netically diverse unicellular eukaryotes, expression of paralogous homeodomain genes in gametes primes the haploid-to-diploid transition. In the unicellular chlorophyte alga Chlamydomonas, KNOX and BELL TALE-homeodomain genes mediate this transition. We demonstrate that in the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha, paternal (sperm) expression of three of five phylogenetically diverse BELL genes, MpBELL234, and maternal (egg) expression of both MpKNOX1 and MpBELL34 mediate the haploid-to-diploid transition. Loss-of-function alleles of MpKNOX1 result in zygotic arrest, whereas a loss of either maternal or paternal MpBELL234 results in variable zygotic and early embryonic arrest. Expression of MpKNOX1 and MpBELL34 during diploid sporophyte development is consistent with a later role for these genes in patterning the sporophyte. These results indicate that the ancestral mechanism to activate diploid gene expression was retained in early diverging land plants and subsequently co-opted during evolution of the diploid sporophyte body.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere57088
Number of pages25
JournaleLife
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Sep 2021

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