Galactic Chemical Evolution of Radioactive Isotopes with an s-process Contribution

Thomas C.L. Trueman, Benoit Côté, Andrés Yagüe López, Jacqueline Den Hartogh, Marco Pignatari, Benjámin Soós, Amanda I. Karakas, Maria Lugaro

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Analysis of inclusions in primitive meteorites reveals that several short-lived radionuclides (SLRs) with half-lives of 0.1-100 Myr existed in the early solar system (ESS). We investigate the ESS origin of 107Pd, 135Cs, and 182Hf, which are produced by slow neutron captures (the s-process) in asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars. We modeled the Galactic abundances of these SLRs using the OMEGA+ galactic chemical evolution (GCE) code and two sets of mass- and metallicity-dependent AGB nucleosynthesis yields (Monash and FRUITY). Depending on the ratio of the mean-life τ of the SLR to the average length of time between the formations of AGB progenitors γ, we calculate timescales relevant for the birth of the Sun. If τ/γ ⪆ 2, we predict self-consistent isolation times between 9 and 26 Myr by decaying the GCE predicted 107Pd/108Pd, 135Cs/133Cs, and 182Hf/180Hf ratios to their respective ESS ratios. The predicted 107Pd/182Hf ratio indicates that our GCE models are missing 9%-73% of 107Pd and 108Pd in the ESS. This missing component may have come from AGB stars of higher metallicity than those that contributed to the ESS in our GCE code. If τ/γ ≲ 0.3, we calculate instead the time (T LE) from the last nucleosynthesis event that added the SLRs into the presolar matter to the formation of the oldest solids in the ESS. For the 2 M o˙, Z = 0.01 Monash model we find a self-consistent solution of T LE = 25.5 Myr.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
Number of pages16
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022
  • ARC Centre of Excellence for All Sky Astrophysics in 3 Dimensions

    Kewley, L., Stuart B Wyithe, J., Sadler, E. M., Staveley-Smith, L., Glazebrook, K., Jackson, C., Bland-Hawthorn, J., Asplund, M. B., Trott, C. M., Webster, R., trenti, M., Colless, M., Croom, S., Ryan-Weber, E. V., Power, C., Croton, D. J., Driver, S., Abraham, R., Ball, L., Bunker, A., Couch, W., Dalcanton, J., Davies, R. L., Gaensler, B. M., Hopkins, A., Kirby, E., Koribalski, B., Li, D., Christopher Martin, D., Morales, M. F., Morganti, R., Springel, V., Wise, M. W. & Karakas, A.

    Monash University – Internal Faculty Contribution


    Project: Research

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