The Gab2 docking protein is a target of several oncogenic protein tyrosine kinases and potentiates activation of the Ras/extracellular signal regulated kinase and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) pathways. Since Gab2 is phosphorylated by c-Src, and both proteins are overexpressed in breast cancers, we have determined the biological consequences of their co-expression in the immortalized human mammary epithelial cell line MCF-10A. While overexpression of c-Src did not affect acinar morphogenesis or growth factor dependence in three-dimensional culture, c-Src co-operated with Gab2 to promote epidermal growth factor (EGF)-independent acinar growth. In contrast, expression of v-Src or the activated mutant c-SrcY527F led to a spectrum of aberrant phenotypes ranging from spheroids with incomplete luminal clearance to highly disrupted, dispersed structures. Gab2 co-expression shifted the phenotypic distribution towards the dispersed phenotype, an effect not observed with a Gab2 mutant unable to bind the p85 subunit of PI3-kinase (Gab2Deltap85). In v-Src-expressing cells, Gab2, but not Gab2Deltap85, significantly decreased E-cadherin adhesive strength without altering its surface expression. Gab2 associated with E-cadherin in the presence and absence of v-Src, indicating that the ability of Gab2 to weaken the strength of cell-cell contacts may reflect enhanced activation of PI3-kinase at adherens junctions. Gab2 also increased migration and invasion of these cells in transwell assays, but these effects were p85-independent. Overall, these findings demonstrate a novel mechanism whereby Gab2 may promote metastatic spread and indicate that Gab2 may play several roles during breast cancer progression.
Bennett, H. L., Brummer, T., Jeanes, A., Yap, A. S., & Daly, R. J. (2008). Gab2 and Src co-operate in human mammary epithelial cells to promote growth factor independence and disruption of acinar morphogenesis. Oncogene, 27(19), 2693 - 2704. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.onc.1210928