Görtler vortices in growing boundary layers: The leading edge receptivity problem, linear growth and the nonlinear breakdown stage

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Abstract

Görtler vortices are thought to be the cause of transition in many fluid flows of practical importance. In this paper a review of the different stages of vortex growth is given. In the linear regime nonparallel effects completely govern this growth and parallel flow theories do not capture the essential features of the development of the vortices. A detailed comparison between the parallel and nonparallel theories is given and it is shown that at small vortex wavelengths the parallel flow theories have some validity; otherwise nonparallel effects are dominant. New results for the receptivity problem for Gortler vortices are given; in particular vortices induced by free-stream perturbations impinging on the leading edge of the wall are considered. It is found that the most dangerous mode of this type can be isolated and its neutral curve is determined. This curve agrees very closely with the available experimental data. A discussion of the different regimes of growth of nonlinear vortices is also given. Again it is shown that, unless the vortex wavelength is small, nonparallel effects are dominant. Some new results for nonlinear vortices of 0(1) wavelengths are given and compared with experimental observations. The agreement between theory and experiment is shown to be excellent up to the point where unsteady effects become important. For small wavelength vortices the nonlinear regime is of particular interest since a strongly nonlinear theory can be developed there. Here the vortices can be large enough to‘drive the mean state which then adjusts itself to make all modes neutral. The breakdown of this nonlinear state into a three-dimensional time dependent flow is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-189
Number of pages39
JournalMathematika
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1990
Externally publishedYes

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