Activation of platelets by collagen is mediated by the complex glycoprotein VI (GPVI)/Fc receptor γ (FcRγ chain). In the current study, the role of 2 Src family kinases, Fyn and Lyn, in GPVI signaling has been examined using murine platelets deficient in one or both kinases. In the fyn -/- platelets, tyrosine phosphorylation of FcRγ chain, phopholipase C (PLC) activity, aggregation, and secretion are reduced, though the time of onset of response is unchanged. In the lyn -/- platelets, there is a delay of up to 30 seconds in the onset of tyrosine phosphorylation and functional responses, followed by recovery of phosphorylation and potentiation of aggregation and α-granule secretion. Tyrosine phosphorylation and aggregation in response to stimulation by collagen-related peptide is further attenuated and delayed in fyn -/- lyn -/- double-mutant platelets, and potentiation is not seen. This study provides the first genetic evidence that Fyn and Lyn mediate FcR immune receptor tyrosine-based activation motif phosphorylation and PLCγ2 activation after the ligation of GPVI. Lyn plays an additional role in inhibiting platelet activation through an uncharacterized inhibitory pathway.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2000|