Fuzzy logic application to link national culture and cybersecurity maturity

Jongkil Jay Jeong, Marthie Grobler, M. A.P. Chamikara, Carsten Rudolph

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearch


National culture and cybersecurity maturity (CM) both play defining roles in the identity and security of a nation. This study examines the relationship that these two constructs play in determining whether certain cultural dimensions of a nation leads to riskier cybersecurity behaviours. Based on the confirmed affirmation of the relationship between national culture and CM, we develop a research model based on fuzzy logic to predict the level of influence that national culture has on a country's Cybersecurity Maturity Level (CML). The fuzzy model was generated based on three semantic steps: (1) conducting statistical correlation analyses based on datasets related to 65 countries; (2) synthesizing a fuzzy model based on the derived knowledge; and (3) evaluating the fuzzy model based on public domain CM data across three case study countries. Our statistical analyses reveal a strong correlation between the cultural dimensions of Power Distance (PDI), Long Term Orientation (LTO), and Individualism (IDV) with login strength, implicating that these dimensions also strongly impact CM. Consequently, the proposed fuzzy model takes PDI, LTO, and IDV as the inputs to derive a quantitative value to the Global Cybersecurity Index related to a particular country. Hence, the novelty of this research lies in its interdisciplinary approach of creating and validating a model that can be used to determine the influence that national culture has on CML. Furthermore, this study suggests that national culture must be factored in when determining cybersecurity policy and frameworks which govern individuals within a nation's CM development.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2019 IEEE 5th International Conference on Collaboration and Internet Computing, CIC 2019
EditorsKarl Aberer, Aameek Singh, Surya Nepal
Place of PublicationPiscataway NJ USA
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781728167398
ISBN (Print)9781728167404
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventInternational Conference on Collaboration and Internet Computing 2019 - Los Angeles, United States of America
Duration: 12 Dec 201914 Dec 2019
Conference number: 5th


ConferenceInternational Conference on Collaboration and Internet Computing 2019
Abbreviated titleCIC 2019
CountryUnited States of America
CityLos Angeles
Internet address


  • Cybersecurity-maturity-fuzzy-logic-global-cybersecurity-index-hofstede-national-culture

Cite this