Future responses of marine primary producers to environmental changes

Kunshan Gao, Wenyan Zhao, John Beardall

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration due to human activities is responsible for global warming and ocean warming, the latter enhancing stratification and shoaling of the upper mixed layer (UML). This hinders the upward transport of nutrients from deeper layers, and also causes organisms dwelling in the UML to be exposed to increased doses of PAR and UV radiation (see the review by Gao et al. (2020) and literature therein). Reduced O2 solubility in seawater along with ocean warming leads to ocean deoxygenation and rapid expansion of hypoxic zones in nearshore waters, where human nutrient over-enrichment can deplete dissolved oxygen by promoting excessive levels of primary production and consequent elevated bacterial respiration as that organic matter is broken down.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBlue Planet, Red and Green Photosynthesis
Subtitle of host publicationProductivity and Carbon Cycling in Aquatic Ecosystems
EditorsStephen Christopher Maberly, Brigitte Gontero
Place of PublicationHoboken NJ USA
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9781119986782
ISBN (Print)9781789450828
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Publication series

NameBiology: Plantae and Photosynthesis
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons

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