Fusing microwave and optical satellite observations for high resolution soil moisture data products

Xiwu Zhan, Li Fang, Jicheng Liu, Chris Hain, Jifu Yin, Mitchell Schull, Michael Cosh, Jun Wen, Tarendra Lakhankar, Kun Yang, Jeffrey Walker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With the loss of the L-band radar, the NASA SMAP satellite lost the capability to directly provide high resolution global soil moisture data products after July 7th, 2015. However, the SMAP L-band radiometer has been successfully and continuously providing high quality coarse resolution observations with the best RFI mitigation since April 2015. These coarse resolution soil moisture observations could be downscaled to finer resolution using finer scale observations of soil moisture sensitive quantities from existing satellite sensors. In the past decade, several algorithms have been introduced to downscale passive microwave soil moisture observations. Most of these methods exploit the soil moisture information from optical sensing of land surface temperature and vegetation dynamics while others use active microwave (radar) observations. In this study, alternative algorithms are intercompared in order to find out the most reliable algorithm that could be implemented for routine or operational product generation. In this paper, coarse scale satellite data are from NASA SMAP radiometer and fine scale satellite data are backscatter from SMAP radar, land surface temperature (LST) and vegetation index from NOAA GOES, and AMSR2 Ka band observations for the warm seasons in 2015 and 2016. Results from three downscaling algorithms were analyzed. They were the NASA SMAP Active-Passive product algorithm, a simple LST regression algorithm, and a regression tree algorithm. Four sets of in situ soil moisture measurement data were collected and processed from Millbrook, NY, Walnut Gulch, AZ, Tibetan Plateau, China, and Yanco, Australia, respectively. Preliminary results of this inter-comparison study are reported.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
Subtitle of host publicationInternational Cooperation for Global Awareness, IGARSS 2017 - Proceedings
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages2519-2522
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781509049516
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
EventIEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium 2017 - Fort Worth, United States of America
Duration: 23 Jul 201728 Jul 2017
Conference number: 37th
https://www2.securecms.com/IGARSS2017/Default.asp

Publication series

NameInternational Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
Volume2017-July

Conference

ConferenceIEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium 2017
Abbreviated titleIGARSS 2017
CountryUnited States of America
CityFort Worth
Period23/07/1728/07/17
Internet address

Keywords

  • downscaling
  • satellite soil moisture
  • SMAP

Cite this

Zhan, X., Fang, L., Liu, J., Hain, C., Yin, J., Schull, M., Cosh, M., Wen, J., Lakhankar, T., Yang, K., & Walker, J. (2017). Fusing microwave and optical satellite observations for high resolution soil moisture data products. In 2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium: International Cooperation for Global Awareness, IGARSS 2017 - Proceedings (pp. 2519-2522). [8127507] (International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS); Vol. 2017-July). IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2017.8127507