Fundamentals of cardiology for the non-cardiologist

Bo Xu, Michael B Stokes, Ian Meredith

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Awareness of the fundamentals of cardiac anatomy, physiology and various disease states is essential to clinicians managing a patient with cardiac pathology. This chapter summarizes the key aspects of cardiac structure and function, as well as providing an overview of the broad range of cardiac pathology. The chapter discusses the various presentations of cardiac disease and the clinical assessment that is performed. Diseases discussed include those of cardiac rhythm, vessels, valves, and muscle as well as congenital heart disease. The various modalities of investigation and basic principles of management are also reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Psychocardiology
EditorsMarlies E. Alvarenga, Don Byrne
Place of PublicationSingapore
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9789812872067
ISBN (Print)9789812872050
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Arrhythmias
  • Atrial fibrillation (AF)
  • Basic anatomy of
  • Basic embryology of
  • Bradyarrhythmias
  • Bundle of his
  • Cardiac cycle
  • Cardiology
  • Cardiomyopathy and heart failure
  • Cardiovascular disorders
  • Cardiovascular disorders. see cardiovascular disorders
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Contractility
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD)
  • Diastole
  • Endocardium
  • Epicardium
  • Heart block
  • Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF)
  • Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF)
  • Heart rate regulation
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Left atrial appendage
  • Myocardium
  • Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)
  • Normal electrical conduction system
  • Patent foramen ovale (PFO)
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)
  • Permanent pacemaker (PPM)
  • Primary foramen
  • Secondary foramen
  • Secondary septum
  • ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)
  • Systole
  • Tachyarrhythmias
  • Torsades de pointes
  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
  • Unstable angina (UA)
  • Valvular heart disease

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