Functional dysconnectivity of corticostriatal circuitry and differential response to methylphenidate in youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Soon Beom Hong, Ben J. Harrison, Alex Fornito, Chul-Ho Sohn, In-Chan Song, Jae-Won Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Brain frontostriatal circuits have been implicated in the pathophysiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, effects of methylphenidate on circuit-level functional connectivity are as yet unclear. The aim of the present study was to comprehensively investigate the functional connectivity of major striatal subregions in children with ADHD, including subanalyses directed at mapping cognitive and treatment response characteristics. Methods: Using a comprehensive seeding strategy, we examined resting-state functional connectivity of dorsal and ventral subdivisions of the caudate nucleus and putamen in children and adolescents with ADHD and in ageand sex-matched healthy controls. Results: We enrolled 83 patients with ADHD and 22 controls in our study. Patients showed significantly reduced dorsal caudate functional connectivity with the superior and middle prefrontal cortices as well as reduced dorsal putamen connectivity with the parahippocampal cortex. These connectivity measures were correlated in opposite directions in patients and controls with attentional performance, as assessed using the Continuous Performance Test. Patients showing a good response to methylphenidate had significantly reduced ventral caudate/nucleus accumbens connectivity with the inferior frontal cortices compared with poor responders. Limitations: Possible confounding effects of age-related functional connectivity change were not excluded owing to the wide age range of participants. Conclusion: We observed a region-specific effect of methylphenidate on resting-state functional connectivity, suggesting the pretreatment level of ventral frontostriatal functional connectivity as a possible methylphenidate response biomarker of ADHD
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-57
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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