Functional analysis of a Drosophila melanogaster olfactory receptor expressed in Sf9 cells

Aidan Kiely, Astrid Authier, Andrew V Kralicek, Coral Gay Warr, Richard D Newcomb

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Olfactory receptors (ORs) are seven transmembrane proteins that are responsible for the transduction of volatiles into neuronal signals. Their low sequence homology means that the prediction of ligands for ORs based on extrapolation from empirical data of other ORs is difficult, so an experimental approach must be used. Here, we report a functional assay for insect ORs using calcium-imaging in Sf9 cells. We find that the interaction of the odorant, ethyl butyrate, with the Drosophila melanogaster olfactory receptor Or22a is both dose-dependent and highly sensitive, with Or22a responding to ethyl butyrate with an EC50 of (1.58 +/- 0.82) x 10(-11) M. This degree of sensitivity does not require the addition of odorant binding proteins or downstream signal transduction elements. Furthermore, we demonstrate that Or22a expressed in Sf9 cells has a similar response profile to a range of odorants previously tested in vivo. This functional assay system will provide a useful tool for the de-orphaning of ORs from a wide range of insect species that are yet to have ligands assigned, and will help provide insight into OR specificity and mechanism of activation. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189 - 194
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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