Functional β-adrenoceptors are important for early muscle regeneration in mice through effects on myoblast proliferation and differentiation

Jarrod E. Church, Jennifer Trieu, Radhika Sheorey, Annabel Y. -M. Chee, Timur Naim, Dale M. Baum, James G. Ryall, Paul Gregorevic, Gordon S Lynch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Muscles can be injured in different ways and the trauma and subsequent loss of function and physical capacity can impact significantly on the lives of patients through physical impairments and compromised quality of life. The relative success of muscle repair after injury will largely determine the extent of functional recovery. Unfortunately, regenerative processes are often slow and incomplete, and so developing novel strategies to enhance muscle regeneration is important. While the capacity to enhance muscle repair by stimulating β2-adrenoceptors (β-ARs) using β2-AR agonists (β2-agonists) has been demonstrated previously, the exact role β-ARs play in regulating the regenerative process remains unclear. To investigate β-AR-mediated signaling in muscle regeneration after myotoxic damage, we examined the regenerative capacity of tibialis anterior and extensor digitorum longus muscles from mice lacking either β1-AR (β1-KO) and/or β2-ARs (β2-KO), testing the hypothesis that muscles from mice lacking the β2-AR would exhibit impaired functional regeneration after damage compared with muscles from β1-KO or β12-AR null (β12-KO) KO mice. At 7 days post-injury, regenerating muscles from β12-KO mice produced less force than those of controls but muscles from β1-KO or β2-KO mice did not exhibit any delay in functional restoration. Compared with controls, β12-KO mice exhibited an enhanced inflammatory response to injury, which delayed early muscle regeneration, but an enhanced myoblast proliferation later during regeneration ensured a similar functional recovery (to controls) by 14 days post-injury. This apparent redundancy in the β-AR signaling pathway was unexpected and may have important implications for manipulating β-AR signaling to improve the rate, extent and efficacy of muscle regeneration to enhance functional recovery after injury.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere101379
Number of pages12
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • muscle regeneration
  • muscle functions
  • muscle differentiation
  • skeletal muscles
  • myoblasts
  • musculoskeletal injury
  • inflammation
  • muscle analysis

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