Function of conserved tryptophans in the Aspergillus niger glucoamylase 1 starch binding domain

Michael P. Williamson, Marie Françoise Le Gal-Coëffet, Kay Sorimachi, Caroline S.M. Furniss, David B. Archer, Gary Williamson

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Abstract

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and ultraviolet (UV) difference spectroscopy were used to assess the role of a number of tryptophan residues in the granular starch binding domain (SBD) of glucoamylase 1 from Aspergillus niger. Wild-type SBD and three variant (W563K, W590K, and W615K) proteins were produced using an A. niger expression system. Titration studies were conducted with β-cyclodextrin (βCD), a cyclic analogue of starch, as the ligand, The NMR studies show that the W563K and W590K variants only bind 1 equiv while the wild-type protein forms a 2:1 (ligand:protein) complex. It also clearly demonstrates the abolition of binding at site 1 and site 2 in W590K and W563K, respectively. UV difference spectroscopy was used to calculate dissociation constants with addition βCD: 14.4μM (apparent) for the wild type, 28.0 μM for W563K, and 6.4 μM for W590K. The implication of this is that the two binding sites have unequal contributions to the overall binding of the SBD which may be related to functional differences between the two binding sites. The low stability of the third variant, W615K, suggests that this tryptophan is not involved in binding but has an essential structural role.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7535-7539
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemistry
Volume36
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 1997
Externally publishedYes

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