Fruit detection, segmentation and 3D visualisation of environments in apple orchards

Hanwen Kang, Chao Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Development of an accurate and reliable fruit detection system is a challenging task. There are many complex conditions in orchard environments, such as changing illumination, appearance variation, and occlusion. Robotic vision is required to understand the working environments from the sensory data and guide the robotic arm to detach the fruits. In our previous work, a deep neural network DaSNet-v1 was developed to perform detection and segmentation on fruits and branches in orchard environments. However, semantic segmentation returns the mask for each class instead of each object. Segmentation on each fruit is important as it can provide abundant information of each object, especially for those overlapped fruits. This work presents an improved deep neural network DaSNet-v2, which can perform detection and instance segmentation on fruits, and semantic segmentation on branches. DaSNet-v2 is tested and validated by experimental results obtained from field-testing in an apple orchard. From the experiment results, DaSNet-v2 with resnet-101 achieves 0.868, 0.88 and 0.873 on recall and precision of detection, and accuracy of instance segmentation on fruits, and 0.794 on the accuracy of branches segmentation, respectively. DaSNet-v2 with light-weight backbone resnet-18 achieves 0.85, 0.87 and 0.866 on recall and precision of detection, and accuracy of instance segmentation on fruits, and 0.775 on the accuracy of branches segmentation, respectively. The average running time and weight size of light-weight DaSNet-v2 are 55 ms and 8.1 M, respectively. Experimental results show DaSNet-v2 can robustly and efficiently perform the vision sensing for robotic harvesting in apple orchards.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105302
Number of pages10
JournalComputers and Electronics in Agriculture
Volume171
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Branch segmentation
  • Deep learning
  • Fruit detection
  • Fruit segmentation
  • Robotic harvesting

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